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The erotics of talk: women's writing and feminist paradigms - Carla Kaplan - Google Libros
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The erotics of talk : womens's writing and feminist paradigms
Nicholls, Peter. Modernisms: A Literary Guide. Basingstoke: Macmillan, London: Salt, North, Michael. Potter, Rachel. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Pound, Ezra. Richard Sieburth. New York: New Directions, Hessle, Yorkshire: Marvell Press, New York: Rarity, London: Faber, , Print. Sheffield, Rob. Scott, Bonnie Kime.
The Gender of Modernism. Tratner, Michael. Stanford: Stanford University Press, This was followed by a collection of over poems and several prose pieces anthologized in The Last Lunar Baedeker on the centenary of her birth in Rachel Potter notes for instance how women in T. Artistic and Literary Commitments. Artistic and Literary Commitments Eliot , Ezra Pound , F. Men have dominant power and control over women in the relationship, and women are expected to hide their true feeling about sexual behaviors.
Women of color face even more sexual violence in the society. Some countries in Africa and Asia even practice female genital cutting, controlling women's sexual desire and limiting their sexual behavior. Moreover, Bunch, the women's and human rights activist, states that society used to see lesbianism as a threat to male supremacy and to the political relationships between men and women.
Even today, many people still discriminate homosexuals. Many lesbians hide their sexuality and face even more sexual oppression. Monosexual Paradigm is a term coined by Blasingame, a self-identified African American, bisexual female. Blasingame used this term to address the lesbian and gay communities who turned a blind eye to the dichotomy that oppressed bisexuals from both heterosexual and homosexual communities.
This oppression negatively affects the gay and lesbian communities more so than the heterosexual community due to its contradictory exclusiveness of bisexuals. Blasingame argued that in reality dichotomies are inaccurate to the representation of individuals because nothing is truly black or white, straight or gay. Her main argument is that biphobia is the central message of two roots; internalized heterosexism and racism. Internalized heterosexism is described in the monosexual paradigm in which the binary states that you are either straight or gay and nothing in between.
Gays and lesbians accept this internalized heterosexism by morphing into the monosexial paradigm and favoring single attraction and opposing attraction for both sexes. Blasingame described this favoritism as an act of horizontal hostility, where oppressed groups fight amongst themselves. Racism is described in the monosexual paradigm as a dichotomy where individuals are either black or white, again nothing in between.
The issue of racism comes into fruition in regards to the bisexuals coming out process, where risks of coming out vary on a basis of anticipated community reaction and also in regards to the norms among bisexual leadership, where class status and race factor predominately over sexual orientation. Feminist political theory is a recently emerging field in political science focusing on gender and feminist themes within the state, institutions and policies.
It questions the "modern political theory, dominated by universalistic liberalist thought, which claims indifference to gender or other identity differences and has therefore taken its time to open up to such concerns". Feminist perspectives entered international relations in late s, at about the same time as the end of the Cold War. This time was not a coincidence because the last forty years the conflict between US and USSR had been the dominant agenda of international politics.
After the Cold War, there was continuing relative peace between the main powers. Soon, many new issues appeared on international relation's agenda. More attention was also paid to social movements. Indeed, in those times feminist approaches also used to depict the world politics. Feminists started to emphasize that while women have always been players in international system, their participation has frequently been associated with in non-governmental settings such as social movements.
However, they could also participate in inter-state decision making process as men did. In fact, today, women also participate in international politics as the wives of diplomats, nannies who go abroad to find work and support their family, or sex workers trafficked across international boundaries. Women's contributions has not been seen in the areas where hard power plays significant role such as military.
In contrast, women are profoundly impacted by decisions the statepersons make. Feminist economics broadly refers to a developing branch of economics that applies feminist insights and critiques to economics. Research under this heading is often interdisciplinary, critical, or heterodox. It encompasses debates about the relationship between feminism and economics on many levels: from applying mainstream economic methods to under-researched "women's" areas, to questioning how mainstream economics values the reproductive sector, to deeply philosophical critiques of economic epistemology and methodology.
One prominent issue that feminist economists investigate is how the gross domestic product GDP does not adequately measure unpaid labor predominantly performed by women, such as housework, childcare, and eldercare. This constitutes women's continuing industry enabling laborers to occupy every position in the work force.
Without this fundamental labor and commodity there would be no economic activity. Usually the amount spent on them is merely for the maintenance of their lives and, in the case of those prostituted, some money may be spent on clothing and such accouterments as will make them more salable to the pimp's clients.
For instance, focusing on just the U. Proponents of this theory have been instrumental in creating alternative models, such as the capability approach and incorporating gender into the analysis of economic data to affect policy. Marilyn Power suggests that feminist economic methodology can be broken down into five categories. Feminist legal theory is based on the feminist view that law's treatment of women in relation to men has not been equal or fair.
The goals of feminist legal theory, as defined by leading theorist Claire Dalton, consist of understanding and exploring the female experience, figuring out if law and institutions oppose females, and figuring out what changes can be committed to. This is to be accomplished through studying the connections between the law and gender as well as applying feminist analysis to concrete areas of law. Feminist legal theory stems from the inadequacy of the current structure to account for discrimination women face, especially discrimination based on multiple, intersecting identities.
DeGraffenreid v General Motors is an example of such a case. In this instance, the court ruled the plaintiffs, five Black women who were employees of General Motors, were not eligible to file a complaint on the grounds they, as black women, were not "a special class to be protected from discrimination".
- Tennessee Patriot: The Naval Career of Vice Admiral William P. Lawrence, U.s. Navy.
- Showdown Trail.
- The Erotics of Talk Women's Writing and Feminist Paradigms!
- Encyclopedia of mathematics.
In the case of Moore , the plaintiff brought forth statistical evidence revealing a disparity in promotions to upper-level and supervisory jobs between men and women and, to a lesser extent, between Black and white men. The plaintiffs in Payne , two Black females, filed suit against Travenol on behalf of both Black men and women on the grounds the pharmaceutical plant practiced racial discrimination.
The rulings, when connected, display a deep-rooted problem in regards to addressing discrimination within the legal system.
These cases, although they are outdated are used by feminists as evidence of their ideas and principles. Feminist communication theory has evolved over time and branches out in many directions. Early theories focused on the way that gender influenced communication and many argued that language was "man made".